Advanced Quality Assurance: Flammability

Welcome to the Advanced Quality Assurance: Flammability course where you will learn about the three flammability standards pertinent to apparel and children’s sleepwear, promulgated and enforced by the Consumer Product Safety Commission, in its administration of the Flammable Fabrics Act.

TERMS TO KNOW (click to flip)

Pass/Fail

The designations for vertical test results that classify whether children’s sleepwear meet the regulation’s criteria for average char length: <...

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CPSC

The abbreviation for the Consumer Product Safety Commission, the federal agency that regulates and enforces apparel flammability rules.

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CFR

The abbreviation for the Code of Federal Regulations.

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45 degree angle test

The commonly used name for the General Wearing Apparel Flammability test, Title 16 Code of Federal Regulations Part 1610

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Raised Fabric Surfaces

Fabrics with the characteristic of fibrils that stand up from the planar structure of the fabric, often referred to as…

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Refurbishment

The sequence of exposure, one specified home laundering followed by one dry cleaning, that a fabric must be exposed to…

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Base Burn

The occurrence of a fabric’s structure being charred from a test’s flame.

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Burn Codes

Burning characteristics, other than burning time, that describe physical phenomena that may occur during Title 16 CFR Part 1610 testing,…

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Surface Flash

On raised surface fabrics, the immediate burning off of raised fibrels when the test flame touches the test specimen, which…

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Class 1 Flammability

The category of flammability that is allowed for apparel to be sold in the U.S. and considered normal burning behavior…

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Vertical Test

The commonly referred to name of ASTM D6413 test method required for children’s sleepwear fabrics by Title16 CFR Parts 1615…

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Size Categories

Title 16 CFR Part 1615 applies to children’s sizes 0-6X and Part 1616 applies to sizes 7-14.

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Exemptions

For Title 16 CFR Part 1615 infant sleepwear size 9 months or lower does not have to be tested and…

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Char Length

The maximum distance a burned area will tear with specified weight applied.

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About Flammability

The code of federal regulations (CFR) covers the requirements for all textile and apparel items that are to be sold in the U.S. Manufacturers, sourcing agents, brands and retailers must understand and follow the Regulations as serious fines can be levied against companies that violate them. This has financial implications but also and possibly more serious repercussions, including public relations problems.

45-Degree Test

Title 16 CFR Part 16-10 is often referred to as the “45-degree angle test”, a descriptor for the testing apparatus used.

Vertical Test

There are important flammability regulations that apply to children’s sleepwear.

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