Sourcing & Manufacturing
Basics of Yarn Manufacturing
Learn about the basics of yarn manufacturing including its history and fiber selection.
Independent Testing Laboratories
To support your product development process, Cotton Incorporated has compiled a list of potential independent testing laboratories.
This technical guide on cotton for nonwovens covers agricultural production, cotton properties and preparation, and cotton morphology and chemistry.
Natural vs. Synthetic Fibers
Whether you work in agriculture, fashion or manufacturing, knowing cotton fiber is the right choice isn’t always enough. Get the science.
E-Book: Classification & Tariff Engineering
Download the full e-book, Customs and International Trade Strategy: Classification & Tariff Engineering.
E-Book: Free Trade Agreement Programs
Download the full e-book, Free Trade Agreement Programs.
Understand vital information about cotton, trade in cotton and production, and manufacturing practices that can affect cotton sourcing & traceability.
Cotton Fiber Development & Maturation
Cotton plant development occurs in specific stages of reproductive growth and cotton plant development must be optimized for ideal fiber production.
Cotton Fiber Harvesting & Ginning
The first step in cotton processing is harvesting, and, for the farmers, it’s an important and personal process.
Cotton Fiber Qualities & Evaluation
Learn about the combination of instrument evaluations and skilled cotton classer assessments used to determine cotton fiber properties.
The United States classes 100% of its cotton bales. Learn more about USDA cotton classification.
Engineered Fiber Selection® Software
Cotton buyers and sellers improve cotton logistics, evaluation, optimization, and profitability with the EFS® System Suite of software.
History of Denim
From the origin of the word "jeans" to its revolution in the fashion industry to where it gets its color, learn more about the history of denim.
Made in the USA: Knit Fabric Mills
Looking for your link in knit fabric? Here are a few options of knit cotton fabric mills in the USA.
Learn about color, basic principles, fiber reactive dyes, direct dyes, vat dyes, sulfur dyes, and pigments.
Made in the USA: Woven Fabric Mills
Looking for your link in woven fabric? Here are a few options of woven cotton fabric mills in the USA.
Made in the USA: Yarn Spinners
Looking for your link in yarn spinning or dyeing? Here are a few options of cotton yarn spinners and dyers in the USA.
Made in the USA: Printers
Looking for your link in printing? Here are a few options for digital and conventional printers in the USA.
Learn about dyeing preparation, including scouring, bleaching, mercerizing, and rinsing/neutralizing.
Discover why cotton is the right choice for various nonwoven markets and products.
Connect with suppliers of various types of cotton fiber, nonwoven materials, or converted nonwoven products.
Watch the recordings of recent webinars on the hypoallergenic properties of cotton and the baby care market.
Get an overview of the art of printing.
Made in the USA: Dyers & Finishers
Looking for your link in dyeing and finishing? Here are a few options of commission dyers and finishers for cotton in the USA.
Advances in Sustainable Dyeing
Discover new ways to reduce water, energy, and chemicals during the dyeing process.
How Fiber Quality Impacts Your End Product
In this webinar, we will walk you through key aspects of choosing the right cotton fiber for your end product.
Yarn Spinning: Fiber Opening & Cleaning
Learn about the opening and cleaning processes of yarn manufacturing.
How denim looks and feels depends greatly on its yarn. Size, twist direction, ring or open-end spinning—all play a role in the final look.
Learn about drawing-in and warp tying, yarn flow, and basic weaving motions.
Yarn Spinning: Batt Formation & Fiber Carding
Learn about batt formation and the carding process of yarn manufacturing.
Yarn Spinning: Fiber Preparation
Learn about drawing, combing, and roving.
Yarn Spinning Processes
Learn about the three different methods for spinning: ring spinning, rotor spinning, and air-jet spinning.
Yarn Spinning: Numbering
Learn about yarn numbering.
Yarn Spinning: Yarn Twist, & Ply
Learn about yarn numbering, yarn twist types, and yarn ply.
Discover why wovens are unique. Learn about warping, slashing, drawing-in, and tying-in.
Woven Fabric Designs
Learn about basic weave constructions such as plain weaves, twill weaves, satin weaves, and more.
Learn about designing wovens, including defining the product, technical design, and design implications.
Types of Weaves
Learn about “Plain Weaves”, “Twill Weaves”, and “Satin Weaves.”
Learn about sweater design, including construction, color consideration, product target, and computer-aided design.
Sweater Manufacturing Basics
Learn about cut and sew, panel knitting, full fashion, and knit-to-wear garments.
Sweater Manufacturing: Dyeing & Finishing
Learn about dyeing, finishing, and steaming/shaping garments.
History of Garment Manufacturing
Learn about the history of garment manufacturing.
Learn about thread, closures, zippers, buttons, findings, trim, and shaping materials.
Learn about seams and stitches, t-shirt construction, jean construction, and dress-shirt construction.
Learn about shrinkage testing.
Knit Fabric Shrinkage
Learn about the fundamentals of knit fabric shrinkage including knitting parameters, dyeing and finishing parameters, and chemical finishing.
Learn about the basics of shrinkage.
Garment Markers, Spreading, & Cutting
Learn about pattern engineering, marker making, and cutting methods.
Learn about fabric quality and systems and inspection.
History of Sock Manufacturing
Learn about the history of sock manufacturing.
Learn about Printing Fundamentals, from basics to afterwashing.
Types of Printing
Learn about everything from flat-bed screen printing to digital inkjet printing.
Understanding & Overcoming Shrinkage
Controlling shrinkage of textile and apparel products impacts the design and production planning in manufacturing or sourcing products.
Sock Knitting Basics
Learn about sock knitting basics, including machine components, the knitting cylinder, the knitting needle cycle, and machine types.
Special Techniques in Printing
Learn about special printing techniques, including resist printing, discharge printing, and transfer printing.
Printing Technique Comparison
Explore the comparisons between rotary printing, cool transfer printing, and digital printing.
Quality Testing: Care & Appearance
Learn about quality testing: appearance, colorfastness, lightfastness, rating procedures, and dimensional stability.
Learn about the basics of knit.
Quality Testing: Durability
Learn about quality testing: strength, abrasion resistance, and pilling.
Quality Testing: Construction
Learn about quality testing: fiber, yarn, and fabric.
Denim Manufacturing Basics
Learn about the process flow for denim manufacturing, typical denim construction, weaves, and weights, and non-conventional denim fabrics.
Learn about designing knits, including defining the product, technical design, and fabric construction.
Learn about sock components, including welt formation, heel pocket formation, cushioning, reinforcement, patterning, and yarn for socks.
Learn about the knitting machine, needle action, and knit, tuck, and float stitches.
Sock Stitch Formations
Learn about stitch counts and types of stitches.
Denim Garment Construction
Learn about spreading, cutting, and sewing denim garments.
Sock Dyeing & Finishing
Learn about rotary drum machines, paddle machines, extraction, continuous scour and bleach, dyeing, finishing, and boarding.
Learn about double knits, including two sets of needles, rib gaiting, and interlock gaiting.
Sock Inspection & Packaging
Learn about inspection and packaging.
Learn about scouring, bleaching, mercerizing, and final steps in finishing.
Learn about mechanical finishing, including drying, compaction, calendering, and sanding, napping, and shearing.
Learn about fit, stretch, abrasion resistance, pilling, strength, crocking, lightfastness, and colorfastness.
Made in the USA: Cut & Sew Manufacturers
Looking for your link in cut and sew manufacturing? Here are a few options of cut and sew manufacturers for cotton in the USA.
Denim Basic & Premium Finishing
Learn about the basic process and premium finish process of denim garment finishing.
Denim Finishing Machinery
Learn about denim garment finishing machinery, including rotary machines, extraction, tumble drying, and pressing.
Learn about softeners and builders, functional chemistry, and application systems.
Denim Wet Finishing
Learn about denim wet finishing, including desizing/washing, abrasive color loss, color discharge, and chemical finishing.
Denim Dry Finishing
Learn about denim dry finishing, including sanding, brushing, laser, whiskering, and special effects.
Sustainable Denim Processing
Brands and consumers are looking for more sustainable options without sacrificing the look and feel that consumers love about their favorite jeans.
Quality Testing: Product Sampling & Conditioning
Learn about quality testing: product sampling and conditioning.
Understanding & Overcoming Skewing
Learn to improve the performance of your quality goods as textile expert Don Bailey delves into key textile techniques.
Understanding & Overcoming Pilling
One of the most common complaints concerning product aesthetics and performance is that of pilling.
Cationic cotton can transform your dyeing routine into an environmentally responsible and efficient process.
Consumers Speak: Apparel Changes that Impact Satisfaction
Consumer reviews impact purchases. Learn how apparel performance issues and fabrication changes can impact shopper loyalty to brands and retailers.
Quality Assurance: Stains
Oil and stain resistance are desirable attributes of fabrics—in the garments we wear to protect us, well, against ourselves!
Quality Assurance: Water Testing
Learn about the absorption of liquid and its movement in relation to fabric.
Quality Assurance: Stretch & Growth
The attribute of fabric stretch has associated properties that are as important as the stretch characteristic itself.
Basic Functions of the Weaving Loom
Learn about basic functions of the weaving loom, including shedding, filling insertion, beat-up, warp control.
Quality Assurance: Flammability
Learn about the three flammability standards pertinent to apparel and children’s sleepwear.
Quality Assurance: Comfort
Learn the fundamental aspects of fabric comfort, from air permeability to drying.